FWF is in continual contact with its local stakeholder networks to make sure member companies have access to the best and latest information, necessary to achieve sustainable improvements.

  • Please download FWF's country strategy plan 2016 for India here
  • Please download FWF's country strategy plan 2015 for India here
  • Please download FWF's country strategy plan 2014 for India here
  • The country study for India was updated end of 2012. This country study can be found here
  • The verification team of FWF wrote a short paper on the Sumangali scheme, which can be downloaded here


General information:

India is, together with Bangladesh, China and Turkey, one of FWF’s priority countries. Gender based violence; forced labour and payment of living wages remain the main focus of Fair Wear Foundation’s work in India. India’s garment industry concentrates in Delhi (and surroundings), Bangalore and Tirupur. Due to the different regional specific differences and languages, there are three audit teams in India – one active in the North and two active in the South.

Audit results in 2012 showed that most workers were paid above minimum wages while manufacturers were not prepared to pay living wages. The gap between living wages and minimum wages remains high. Workers have to rely on excessive overtime work to earn a monthly income that sufficiently supports themselves and the family.

FWF continues its discussion on forced labour together with various stakeholders in India and in Europe. Typical Sumangali scheme (common form of forced labour in South India occurring mainly in spinning mills) was not discovered in FWF audits at cut-make-trim facilities in 2012, but there was restriction of movement in some units. Cultural values need to be taken into account when tackling this issue.

FWF started to offer factory trainings in 2012 in South India. The FWF Workplace Education Programme (WEP) focuses its trainings in India on workplace standards, factory grievance mechanisms and on gender based violence and the establishment of functioning anti-harassment committees at suppliers of FWF affiliates. FWF works with local organisations on the project and organises round-table meetings with their local partners.

To have more local presence, FWF invests in an Indian liaison officer who is working on the workplace education programme deliverables and support FWF and the local partners in conducting high quality trainings.

For more information, please go to our resources section under 'country studies'.

For questions about FWF's work in India, please contact Lisa Süss: suess [at] fairwear.org.

Country indicator

  • FWF active since: 2003
  • Complaints handler: yes
  • Audit teams: 2
  • FWF affiliates sourcing: 41
  • Number of suppliers: 341
  • Human development rank: 135
  • Minimum wage: 2990 INR = 48,6 US$
  • GDP per capita/year (PPP US$): 5,050
  • Income equality value (Gini): 33,9
  • Population below $1.25/day: 32,7
  • Rule of law: 52,6%
  • Global gender gap index: 114
  • Child labour (5-14 years): 12%
  • Trade union situation