Vietnam

In 2017 Fair Wear Foundation had 29 member companies sourcing from approximately 155 factories in Vietnam. Most of these factories are located in or around Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City producing clothing, shoes and outdoor goods.

FWF has a local audit team in Ho Chi Minh City with an additional worker interviewer and complaints handler in Hanoi. FWF has established contact the employers association VCCI, the Vietnam Ministry of Labour and a number of grassroots labour NGOs in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Hai Phuong. In 2017 FWF conducted 35 factory audits at members’ suppliers.

Fair Wear Foundation’s activities in Vietnam further focus on the implementation of the Workplace Education Programme, to raise awareness on labour rights and grievance mechanisms. Trainings will be arranged for both management and workers over the year.

Fair Wear Foundation with its alliance partners FNV Mondiaal and CNV Internationaal has been selected by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs for a five year Strategic partnership which started in 2016 as part of its “Dialogue and Dissent” policy framework. The primary goal of this initiative is to improve the lobbying and advocacy capacity of Trade Unions and labour related NGOs by enhancing their understanding of international RMG supply chains, access to critical information and know-how. This programme further defines FWF’s activities in Vietnam for the coming 5 years, focusing on the areas of Living Wages, Social Dialogue and Gender Based Violence in the textile industry.

In recent years, Vietnam has become a major player in the global textile industry, particularly for the outdoor, sports and shoes sector. With a workforce of more than 2 million in the textiles industry, and more than 6,000 garment and apparel firms, textiles was Vietnam’s largest export sector in 2017, according to the Vietnamese Ministry of Labour and the International Trade Administration. The U.S is the biggest market for garment from Vietnam while Japan and the EU come second and third respectively.

The ratification of the Free Trade Agreement between Europe and Vietnam will possibly create an even larger boost for doing business in Vietnam. The fact that Vietnam has made extensive labour rights commitments under the trade agreements opens up the opportunities for a major revision of the labour legislation, especially in terms of freedom of association and collective bargaining.

With the Party-controlled Vietnam General Confederation of Labour (VGCL) remaining the only recognised union organisation, freedom of association has been the most challenging area in terms of labour rights for Vietnam. The factory unions are mostly dependent on management and incapable of independently representing workers in negotiations with employers. Social dialogue at workplace is encouraged by the law but due to the unions’ weakness, has not been effectively practised. This, together with a lack of effective grievance mechanisms, could result in wildcat strikes (members of a union striking without the union’s approval or support) or workers leaving the factory instead of communicating about their labour rights.

In January 2018, as a result of research and a consultation through a tripartite National Wage Council, the Vietnamese government raised the minimum wage levels to between €98 (lowest) and €141 (highest), defined per region.[1] Even though this tripartite structure is promising and sets a good example for other Asian production countries, the challenge remains to include factory workers in collective bargaining and wage negotiations. The newly set minimum wage is a big step in the right direction, but does not yet meet the living wages benchmarks as consultated by local stakeholders.

Excessive overtime in Vietnamese garment factories continues to be one of the most prominent violations of workers’ rights, according to Fair Wear Foundation’s (FWF) audits. Workers rely heavily on wages earned during overtime hours, and not receiving the correct overtime premiums has a severe impact on workers’ monthly income. Reducing excessive overtime in the Vietnamese garment industry remains one of the biggest challenges for brands and factories in Vietnam.

Other common issues found in FWF audits show incomplete labour contracts, resignation policies that are not correctly implemented and low awareness among workers of their rights and responsibilities. Vietnamese garment in general have improved health and safety standards and are improving their internal compliance system.

You can find more information about the state of the industry in Vietnam in FWF’s 2015 Country Study, and CNV’s 2016 Country Study

For questions about FWF’s work in Vietnam, please contact Annabel Meurs.

[1]

Area 2017 (VND) 2018 (VND) Increase (VND)
I 3,750,000 3,980,000 230,000
II 3,320,000 3,530,000 210,000
III 2,900,000 3,090,000 190,000
IV 2,580,000 2,760,000 180,000

 

Indicators

  1. FWF active since: 2006
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 1
  4. FWF members sourcing: 29
  5. Number of suppliers: 155
  6. Human development rank: 116
  7. Min. wage: €98 to €141
  8. GDP per capita per year(PPP$): 5 125
  9. Income equality value (Gini): 35.6
  10. Population below 1.25$/day: 2.4%
  11. Global gender gap index: 76
  12. Child labour (5-14 years): 7%
  13. Trade union situation

Complaints handling in Vietnam

FWF considers a growth in complaints to be a good sign. This means that workers are becoming more aware of their rights and are more comfortable coming forward with grievances about their working conditions and the way Fair Wear Foundation's Code of Labour Practices is implemented in these factories. View all complaints in Vietnam.

Complaint statistics since 2012

FWF has received 19 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 13 complaints
Most complaints concerned Living wage
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a living wage 13 a legal contract 11 Reasonable hours of work 6
FWF has received 19 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 13 complaints
Most complaints concerned Living wage
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a living wage 13
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a legal contract 11
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

Reasonable hours of work 6

Latest complaints

Haglofs AB, Schoffel Sportbekleidung GmbH, Complaint 349

The complainant wishes to terminate his/her long term labour contract and had already i… read more

View all complaints in Vietnam

Resources

Resources related to Vietnam

Vietnam Complaint Vaude 16 April 2017

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Vaude date: 12/07/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Jack Wolfskin, Schöffel Aug. 2017 Initial Report

Initial report of a complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Jac date: 04/08/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Jack Wolfskin, Schöffel Sportbekleidung March 2017

Initial Report of A Complaint at a Factory in Vietnam Supplying Jack date: 25/04/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Jack Wolfskin, Schöffel Dec. 2016

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Jack W date: 13/03/2017Read more

Vietnam Country Plan 2015

Country Plan Vietnam 2015 In 2015 Fair Wear Foundation has twenty a date: 21/12/2011Read more

Vietnam Country Study 2015

Vietnam Country Study 2015 update The Vietnam country study prese date: 21/12/2011Read more

Vietnam Complaint Outdoor & Sports Company November 2016

Initial report complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Outdoor & date: 17/11/2016Read more

Vietnam Complaint Outdoor & Sports Company Nov. 2016 Final Report

Final REPORT OF A COMPLAINT AT A FACTORY IN VIETNAM SUPPLYING OUTDOO date: 09/03/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Deuter November 2015

Final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Vietnam AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES Deu date: 28/03/2014Read more

Vietnam Complaint Jack Wolkskin and Schoeffel October 2015

Final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Vietnam AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES Wol date: 15/02/2015Read more

Vietnam Complaint Vaude August 2016

Final report of complaint in Vietnam at a factory where VAUDE source date: 27/10/2016Read more

Vietnam Complaint Vaude December 2011

Final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Vietnam AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES Vaud date: 16/12/2011Read more

Vietnam Complaint Vaude December 2012

Final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Vietnam AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES Vau date: 01/06/2012Read more

Vietnam Complaint Vaude September 2016

Final report of complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying VAUDE A date: 26/01/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Deuter July 2017 Initial Report

Initial report of a complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Deut date: 11/07/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Vaude April 2017

Initial report of a new complaint of a factory in vietnam supplying date: 26/04/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Vaude April 2017 (Final report)

FINAL REPORT OF A COMPLAINT at A FACTORY IN VIETNAM SUPPLYING VAUDE date: 29/05/2017Read more

Vietnam complaint Vaude August 2016

FINAL REPORT OF a COMPLAINT AT A FACTORY IN VIETNAM SUPPLYING VAUDE date: 13/03/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Jack Wolfskin, Schöffel July 2017

Final report of a complaint in Vietnam at a factory that supplies Ja date: 16/09/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Kwintet July 2010

INTERMEDIATE REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Vietnam AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIE date: 22/12/2011Read more

Vietnam Complaint Schöffel, Jack Wolfskin July 2017

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Jack w date: 27/09/2017Read more

Vietnam Complaint Vaude April 16 2017 Initial report

Complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Vaude ON 16 April 2017, date: 19/06/2017Read more

Vietnam complaint July 2017 Jack Wolfskin, Schöffel, initial report

Initial report of a complaint at a factory in Vietnam supplying Jac date: 10/07/2017Read more

Members in Vietnam

Projects

Projects in Vietnam

Workplace Education Programme

FWF members look for more than participating in auditing. FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) provides short, targeted onsite training for managers, supervisors and workers. The training aims to raise awareness about the various labour standards and effective methods for communicating about problems and resolving disputes. Managers, supervisors and workers also learn about FWF’s complaints mechanism.

Go to WEP

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FWF around the world

Most of FWF's work is focused on four priority countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Turkey. Around 80% of FWF member production comes from these four countries.

FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

Complaints in country

FWF projects in country

Data is obtained from Brand Performance Checks and may not reflect the most current situation

Albania

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Fair Wear is not active in Albania

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Albania

Armenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Armenia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Armenia

Austria

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Fair Wear is not active in Austria

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bahrain

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Fair Wear is not active in Bahrain

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bahrain

4 complaints

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

225 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Bangladesh

35 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belarus

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belgium

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

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Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

9 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

45 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaint

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

Although FWF is not currently active in Cambodia, one of FWF's stra... more

Fair Wear is not active in Cambodia

11 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

826 factories work with FWF members

62 FWF members source in China

61 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Croatia

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

12 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

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Fair Wear is not active in Egypt

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

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Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Ethiopia

France

more

Fair Wear is not active in France

31 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

1 complaint

Georgia

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Fair Wear is not active in Georgia

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Georgia

Germany

more

Fair Wear is not active in Germany

57 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Germany

Greece

more

Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Greece

Honduras

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Fair Wear is not active in Honduras

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Honduras

Hong Kong

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Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

6 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

23 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

238 factories work with FWF members

41 FWF members source in India

67 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

30 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Indonesia

10 complaints

1 FWF projects

Israel

more

Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

172 factories work with FWF members

25 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jordan

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Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

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Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

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Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

13 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

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Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

50 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

Fair Wear is active in Macedonia

36 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Macedonia

3 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

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Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Malaysia

Mauritius

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mauritius

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mauritius

Moldova

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Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

8 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

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Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

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Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

10 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Morocco

2 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

17 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Myanmar

33 complaints

1 FWF projects

Nepal

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Fair Wear is not active in Nepal

3 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

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Fair Wear is not active in Netherlands

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Netherlands

4 complaints

New Zealand

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Fair Wear is not active in New Zealand

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaint

Peru

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Fair Wear is not active in Peru

8 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

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Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

45 factories work with FWF members

24 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

136 factories work with FWF members

35 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

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Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

57 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

4 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

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Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

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Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

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Fair Wear is not active in Spain

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

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Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

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Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

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Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

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Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

more

Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaint

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

64 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Tunisia

13 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

217 factories work with FWF members

44 FWF members source in Turkey

43 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ukraine

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Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

10 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaint

United Arab Emirates

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Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

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Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

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Fair Wear is not active in United States

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

In 2017 Fair Wear Foundation had 29 member companies sourcing from ... more

Fair Wear is active in Vietnam

155 factories work with FWF members

29 FWF members source in Vietnam

19 complaints

1 FWF projects

Zimbabwe

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Fair Wear is not active in Zimbabwe

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Zimbabwe