The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria are small and medium-sized enterprises with not more than 250 employees. The two main exporting centers are the southeast region and central southern region. The most important exporting markets of the Bulgarian textile production are the countries of the European Union, where the major positions are held by Greece, Germany and Italy.

Labour legislation in the country is at a level equivalent to most other EU countries. However, there are some problems with compliance to the law and according to local experts and trade unionists, non-payment of back wages is a big issue. Other major issues identified in Bulgaria are, no fixed working hours, excessive over time without correct compensation and double bookkeeping to evade taxes including social security costs.

FWF will continue having a functional complaints handling procedure and the possibility to conduct audits as part of FWF members’ monitoring activities. In 2016 FWF will be implementing Workplace Education Programme trainings in Bulgaria.

For questions about FWF’s work in Bulgaria, please contact Sharon Hesp.


  1. FWF active since: 2006
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 1
  4. Human development rank: 56
  5. Minimum wage:  460 BGN =276.9 US$
  6. GDP per capita per year (PPP$): 17 709
  7. Income equality value (Gini): 37
  8. Population below 1.25$/day: N/A
  9. Rule of law: 54%
  10. Global Gender Gap Index: 41
  11. Child labour (5-14 years): N/A
  12. Trade union situation


Resources related to Bulgaria

Bulgaria Country Study 2016

Bulgaria Country Study 2016 Read more about the current situation i date: 02/01/2017Read more


Projects in Bulgaria

Workplace Education Programme

FWF members look for more than participating in auditing. FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) provides short, targeted onsite training for managers, supervisors and workers. The training aims to raise awareness about the various labour standards and effective methods for communicating about problems and resolving disputes. Managers, supervisors and workers also learn about FWF’s complaints mechanism.

Go to WEP

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