China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 witnessed a gradual economic global recovery as well as an increase of labour costs domestically. Therefore, as an industry that relies on intensive labour, the garment industry suffered more than other Chinese industries. Despite this, China’s garment exports to the EU and the US rose by 14.8% and 8%, respectively and with an export value of 186 billion in 2014 is still of vital importance to the Chinese economy.

China remains the largest supplier country for Fair Wear Foundation (FWF), with 735 active factories in 2015, supplying 50 members. Chinese factories account for approximately 60-70% of the total purchasing volume of all FWF members.

In 2015, around 80 audits were conducted by FWF teams in China. FWF members source mainly from key industrial areas such as the Pearl River Delta, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui and Fujian. FWF auditors put great effort into convincing factory managers to be transparent and show true working hour and wage records. Thirty-one WEP trainings were organized to create more awareness about labour rights and about the complaint hotline among management and workers.

Excessive overtime is widespread due to labour shortages and high pressure on delivery times. Workers rely heavily on wages earned during overtime hours and are normally paid piece rates.

For questions about FWF’s work in China, please contact Fair Wear Foundation. Country studies and other materials are available upon request.

FWF activities in China

  • In January 2014 a Workplace Education Programme Round Table was held in Shenzhen, to evaluate the training.
  • Since 2012, FWF has dealt with 51 complaints in the country.

Indicators

  1. FWF active since: 2005
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 2
  4. FWF members sourcing: 54
  5. Number of suppliers: 936
  6. Human development rank: 91
  7. Minimum wage: every city has its own legal minimum wage, it ranges from 1100 RMB in Hubei province to 2030 in Shanghai.
  8. GDP per capita per year(PPP$): 10 771
  9. Income equality value (Gini): 42.1
  10. Population below 1.25$/day: 11.8 %
  11. Global Gender Gap Index: 87
  12. Child labour (5-15 years): --
  13. Trade union situation: there is an All-China Federation of Trade Unions.

Complaints handling in China

FWF considers a growth in complaints to be a good sign. This means that workers are becoming more aware of their rights and are more comfortable coming forward with grievances about their working conditions and the way Fair Wear Foundation's Code of Labour Practices is implemented in these factories. View all complaints in China.

Complaint statistics since 2012

FWF has received 75 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 46 complaints
Most complaints concerned Living wage
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a living wage 42 a legal contract 29 Reasonable hours of work 26
FWF has received 75 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 46 complaints
Most complaints concerned Living wage
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a living wage 42
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a legal contract 29
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

Reasonable hours of work 26

Latest complaints

Haglofs AB, Mammut Sports Group AG, Complaint 444

A worker complained to FWF that she/he cannot get approval from the factory for her/his… read more

Maier Sports GmbH & Co KG, Complaint 416

One sewing worker previously working at the factory filed a complaint to FWF on 7 June … read more

Haglofs AB, Mammut Sports Group AG, Complaint 365

A worker called to complain that the wage of January 2018 has not been paid to workers … read more

View all complaints in China

Members in China

Projects

Projects in China

Workplace Education Programme

FWF members look for more than participating in auditing. FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) provides short, targeted onsite training for managers, supervisors and workers. The training aims to raise awareness about the various labour standards and effective methods for communicating about problems and resolving disputes. Managers, supervisors and workers also learn about FWF’s complaints mechanism.

Go to WEP

Factory Guide

The Factory Guide is an accessible and attractive online training tool for factory managers. The guide explains how labour standards work in practice and what to expect from FWF audits. By clarifying FWF’s vision on supply-chain relationships, complaints handling and trainings, it aims to engage factory managers in the work of FWF. Graphics, videos and quizzes add a fun factor to serious matters.

Enter the Factory Guide

Resources

Here below you see a list of all complaints logged in China at factories where current FWF members have production, since 2012

China Complaint Salewa December 2016

Final report of a complaint at a factory  in China that supplies Sa date: 06/03/2017Read more

China Complaint by KTC Ltd. about Haglöfs October 2016

Complaint by KTC Ltd. about Haglöfs Scandinavia AB - October 2016 date: 27/10/2016Read more

China Complaint Outdoor and Sports June 2016

Final report of complaint at a factory in China that supplies Outdoo date: 14/02/2017Read more

China Complaint Expresso and Mayerline May 2016

Final report of complaint in China at factoy that supplies Expresso date: 11/05/2016Read more

China Complaint Haglöfs, Kjus September 2016

Initial report of complaint at factory in China supplying Haglöfs a date: 17/11/2016Read more

China Complaint SuitSupply January 2016

Final report of complaint in China at a factory supplying FWF member date: 11/05/2016Read more

China Complaint Albiro and Haglöfs September 2015

FInal REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Albiro and H date: 15/02/2015Read more

China Complaint Acne Studios, Jack Wolfskin, Kjus, Odlo, Schoeffel and Vaude March 2015

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Acne Studios, date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Acne Studios January 2015

FInal REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Acne Studios date: 15/02/2015Read more

China Complaint Albiro, Haglofs, Jack Wolfskin, Schöffel, Vaude July 2014

Final report of complaint in China at factory that supplies Albiro, date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Acne Studios June 2014

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Acne Studios date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Jack Wolfskin, Vaude, Schoeffel and Haglöfs March 2014

intermediate REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Jack Wolfskin, Vaude and J. Lindeberg December 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Jack Wolfskin date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint blutgeschwister December 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING blutgeschwis date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint KJus November 2013

Final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES kjus date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Kwintet November 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Kwintet On date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint KJus October 2013

final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES Kjus date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Maier Sports October 2013

intermediate REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Jack Wolfskin and Vaude October 2013

INTERMEDIATE REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Hessnatur and Triaz March 2013

Intermediate REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Hessn date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Kjus January 2013

final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES kjus date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Filippa K September 2012

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Filippa K On date: 01/06/2012Read more

China Complaint Kwintet June 2012 (1)

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Kwintet On date: 01/06/2012Read more

China Complaint Mammut April 2014

finaL REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING mammut On Ap date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Mammut and Odlo March 2010

intermediate REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Mammu date: 22/12/2011Read more

China Complaint Mammut August 2014

final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES mammu date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Mammut, Jack Wolfskin and Haglofs December 2013

FInal REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Mammut, Jack date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Mammut October 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING mammut On 2 date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Mammut, Jack Wolfskin and Haglofs June and July 2014

Final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES Mammut, date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Odd Molly January 2016

Final report of complaint in China at factory supplying Odd Molly - date: 11/05/2016Read more

China Complaint Vaude May 2016

Final report of complaint in Bangladesh at factory supplying Vaude - date: 11/05/2016Read more

China Complaint Vaude December 2015

Final report of a complaint in China at a factory supplying VAUDE date: 15/02/2015Read more

China Complaint Vaude November 2015

finaL REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Vaude On 7 S date: 15/02/2015Read more

China Complaint Salewa September 2014

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Salewa On 1 date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Suit Supply May 2014

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Suit Supply date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Outdoor Sports March 2014

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Outdoor SPor date: 28/03/2014Read more

China Complaint Odlo October 2013

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Odlo On 7 Oc date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Vaude September 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Vaude On 21 date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Suit Supply July 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Suit Supply O date: 26/02/2013Read more

China Complaint Takko November 2012

finaL REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING TAKKO In Nove date: 01/06/2012Read more

China Complaint Kwintet June 2012

Intermediate REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Kwinte date: 01/06/2012Read more

China Complaint Takko April 2012

intermediate REPORT COMPLAINT IN china AT FACTORY SUPPLYING TAKKO date: 01/06/2012Read more

China Complaint Outdoor Sports March 2014

finalINITIAL REPORT COMPLAINT IN China AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Outdoo date: 28/03/2014Read more

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FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

Complaints in country

FWF projects in country

Data is obtained from Brand Performance Checks and may not reflect the most current situation

Albania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Albania

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Albania

Armenia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Armenia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Armenia

Austria

more

Fair Wear is not active in Austria

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bahrain

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bahrain

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bahrain

4 complaints

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

225 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Bangladesh

44 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belarus

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belgium

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

9 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

45 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaint

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

Although FWF is not currently active in Cambodia, one of FWF's stra... more

Fair Wear is not active in Cambodia

11 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

826 factories work with FWF members

62 FWF members source in China

75 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Croatia

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

12 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

more

Fair Wear is not active in Egypt

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Ethiopia

France

more

Fair Wear is not active in France

31 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

1 complaint

Georgia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Georgia

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Georgia

Germany

more

Fair Wear is not active in Germany

57 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Germany

Greece

more

Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Greece

Honduras

more

Fair Wear is not active in Honduras

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Honduras

Hong Kong

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

6 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

23 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

238 factories work with FWF members

41 FWF members source in India

69 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

30 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Indonesia

14 complaints

1 FWF projects

Israel

more

Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

172 factories work with FWF members

25 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jordan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

13 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

50 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

Fair Wear is active in Macedonia

36 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Macedonia

3 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

more

Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Malaysia

Mauritius

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mauritius

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mauritius

Moldova

more

Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

8 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

more

Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

10 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Morocco

2 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

17 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Myanmar

36 complaints

1 FWF projects

Nepal

more

Fair Wear is not active in Nepal

3 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

more

Fair Wear is not active in Netherlands

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Netherlands

4 complaints

New Zealand

more

Fair Wear is not active in New Zealand

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaint

Peru

more

Fair Wear is not active in Peru

8 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

more

Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

45 factories work with FWF members

24 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

136 factories work with FWF members

35 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

more

Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

57 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

3 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

more

Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

more

Fair Wear is not active in Spain

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

more

Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

more

Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

more

Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

more

Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaint

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

64 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Tunisia

14 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

217 factories work with FWF members

44 FWF members source in Turkey

43 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ukraine

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

10 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaint

United Arab Emirates

more

Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

more

Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

more

Fair Wear is not active in United States

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

In 2017 Fair Wear Foundation had 29 member companies sourcing from ... more

Fair Wear is active in Vietnam

155 factories work with FWF members

29 FWF members source in Vietnam

28 complaints

1 FWF projects

Zimbabwe

more

Fair Wear is not active in Zimbabwe

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Zimbabwe