Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The garment and textile industries represent just 5.8% of the value derived from the sector. However, textiles and textile products are the third largest contributor to export figures of all non-oil and gas industrial products, and constitute a small but significant proportion of global export production. The garment and textile industry is also an important source of formal sector employment for Indonesian women, who accounted for 49.75% of the population in 2013. Manufacturing as a whole is estimated to have contributed approximately 21.5% of GDP in 2015. Some USD 10.5 billion, or 5.8% of the value derived from manufacturing in that year, came from the garment and textile industries.

The vast majority of textile and garment companies are located on the island of Java. The garment industry is concentrated in West Java, Greater Jakarta and Batam. Sex-differentiated data on employment in the textile, garment and footwear sectors are not publicly available, but women comprised a significant proportion of the 2,543,260 workers employed in the industry in 2013. Only 41% of textile workers and just 15% of garment workers are employed in large or medium enterprises.

In the past years, there has been an establishment of a range of private regulatory initiatives including Better Work Indonesia, the Freedom of Association Protocol, and the Asia Floor Wage, all of which seek to leverage international brands’ concern about reputational risk to improve conditions in Indonesia’s garment factories.

In the Indonesian context, there is work to be done on several elements of the Fair Wear Foundation Code. Most urgent among these is more systematic implementation of laws already in place on freedom of association, payment of a living wage, excessive working hours, and legally binding employment. The need to update and better implement legislation on occupational health and safety is also pressing. Finally, it is clear that women workers, who constitute the majority of production workers in the garment industry, bear the brunt of a failure to uphold core labour standards in addition to gender-specific burdens associated with reproductive health and workplace harassment.

In 2016, FWF set up and trained a local audit and training team. In addition to this, it met with relevant stakeholders to better familiarise itself with the local garment industry and assessed how to best work together with initiatives that contribute to the improvement of working conditions.

For more information about FWF’s work in Indonesia contact Kees Gootjes.

Indicators

  1. FWF active: yes
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: yes
  4. GDP per capita (PPP$): 3.712
  5. Human development rank: 108
  6. Gender rel. development rank: 93
  7. Minimum wage (PPP$): 142
  8. Population below $2/day: --
  9. Income equality rank (Gini): 39.4
  10. Child labour (5-15 years): 4 %
  11. Trade union situation

Complaints handling in Indonesia

FWF considers a growth in complaints to be a good sign. This means that workers are becoming more aware of their rights and are more comfortable coming forward with grievances about their working conditions and the way Fair Wear Foundation's Code of Labour Practices is implemented in these factories. View all complaints in Indonesia.

Complaint statistics since 2012

FWF has received 13 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 3 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a legal contract 8 Safe conditions 5 Freedom of association 3
FWF has received 13 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 3 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a legal contract 8
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

Safe conditions 5
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

Freedom of association 3

Latest complaints

Haglofs AB, Complaint 329

The complainant reported an incident that happened to a current line supervisor at the … read more

Haglofs AB, Complaint 318

According to the complainant, on 13 December 2017 at 16:30, a factory worker physically… read more

View all complaints in Indonesia

Resources

Resources related to Indonesia

Indonesia 2016 Country Study

indonesia COUNTRY STUDY for 2016 A significant contributor to Indo date: 22/03/2017Read more

Indonesia Complaint Jack Wolfskin July 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN Indonesia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING jack wol date: 16/12/2011Read more

Indonesia Complaint Jack Wolfskin March 2016

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN Indonesia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING jack wolf date: 15/02/2015Read more

Indonesia Complaint Jack Wolfskin March 2016 - Bahasa

Final report of a complaint in Indonesia at a factory supplying Jack date: 15/02/2015Read more

Members in Indonesia

Projects

Projects in Indonesia

Workplace Education Programme

FWF members look for more than participating in auditing. FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) provides short, targeted onsite training for managers, supervisors and workers. The training aims to raise awareness about the various labour standards and effective methods for communicating about problems and resolving disputes. Managers, supervisors and workers also learn about FWF’s complaints mechanism.

Go to WEP

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FWF around the world

Most of FWF's work is focused on four priority countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Turkey. Around 80% of FWF member production comes from these four countries.

FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

Complaints in country

FWF projects in country

Data is obtained from Brand Performance Checks and may not reflect the most current situation

Albania

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Fair Wear is not active in Albania

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Albania

Armenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Armenia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Armenia

Austria

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Fair Wear is not active in Austria

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bahrain

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Fair Wear is not active in Bahrain

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bahrain

4 complaints

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

225 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Bangladesh

43 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

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Fair Wear is not active in Belarus

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belgium

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

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Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

9 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

45 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaint

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

Although FWF is not currently active in Cambodia, one of FWF's stra... more

Fair Wear is not active in Cambodia

11 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

826 factories work with FWF members

62 FWF members source in China

65 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

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Fair Wear is not active in Croatia

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

12 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

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Fair Wear is not active in Egypt

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

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Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Ethiopia

France

more

Fair Wear is not active in France

31 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

1 complaint

Georgia

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Fair Wear is not active in Georgia

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Georgia

Germany

more

Fair Wear is not active in Germany

57 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Germany

Greece

more

Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Greece

Honduras

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Fair Wear is not active in Honduras

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Honduras

Hong Kong

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

6 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

23 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

238 factories work with FWF members

41 FWF members source in India

67 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

30 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Indonesia

13 complaints

1 FWF projects

Israel

more

Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

172 factories work with FWF members

25 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jordan

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Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

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Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

13 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

50 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

Fair Wear is active in Macedonia

36 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Macedonia

3 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

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Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Malaysia

Mauritius

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mauritius

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mauritius

Moldova

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Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

8 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

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Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

10 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Morocco

2 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

17 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Myanmar

35 complaints

1 FWF projects

Nepal

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Fair Wear is not active in Nepal

3 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

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Fair Wear is not active in Netherlands

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Netherlands

4 complaints

New Zealand

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Fair Wear is not active in New Zealand

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaint

Peru

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Fair Wear is not active in Peru

8 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

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Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

45 factories work with FWF members

24 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

136 factories work with FWF members

35 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

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Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

57 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

3 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

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Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

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Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

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Fair Wear is not active in Spain

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

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Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

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Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

more

Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

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Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

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Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaint

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

64 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Tunisia

14 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

217 factories work with FWF members

44 FWF members source in Turkey

43 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ukraine

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Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

10 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaint

United Arab Emirates

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Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

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Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

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Fair Wear is not active in United States

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

In 2017 Fair Wear Foundation had 29 member companies sourcing from ... more

Fair Wear is active in Vietnam

155 factories work with FWF members

29 FWF members source in Vietnam

27 complaints

1 FWF projects

Zimbabwe

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Fair Wear is not active in Zimbabwe

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Zimbabwe