Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a vital part of Macedonia’s economy, but on a global scale they cover less than 1% of the global garment exports.

The textile industry in Macedonia is unfortunately still decreasing. With an unemployment rate of 25%, there is still a risk for workers accepting any kind of employment out of fear of losing their job. The general concern of stakeholders is therefore to create favourable conditions for development of the industry.

The “shadow economy” is said to make up 30% of the overall economy and the level of informal work in the clothing and shoe industry is twice as high as in the overall economy.

In competition with the labour forces in Asia, Macedonia is struggling to position itself as a stable competitor that produces high quality textiles. Fair Wear Foundation believes establishing good working conditions, high productivity levels and increasing wages can be an asset for Macedonian textile companies to strengthen their position towards the European market.

Indicators show that for Macedonia effective labour law enforcement, social dialogue and good governance cannot be taken for granted. In addition, issues concerning the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining were found during audits. In some cases there were no union or workers’ representatives, or workers were not aware of the possible benefits.

FWF has been working on wage-related projects in Macedonia since 2010, most notably the Living Wage project. In 2011, FWF, with the support of CNV Internationaal, started developing concrete tools to support the wage ladder approach to the implementation of a living wage in Macedonia. The goal of the pilot project is to examine the relationship between wages and productivity, and to identify areas where productivity increases can be used to support better wages for workers.

In 2015, FWF continued with its work on pioneering approaches to increasing wages at factories. In addition, it worked on building capacity at the factory level to encourage social dialogue. FWF used three main tools: factory-level wage-increase tools in Macedonia; a guide on Living Wage Costing; and a series of WEP trainings.

The purpose of these three tools is to share the lessons learnt throughout the course of this project and allow them to be applied to a general audience.

For questions about FWF’s work in Macedonia, please contact Hendrine Stelwagen.

Indicators

  1. FWF active since: 2003
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 1
  4. Human development rank: 81
  5. GDP per capita (PPP$): 11 708
  6. Income equality value (Gini): 44.2
  7. Population below 1.25$/day: 0.3%
  8. Child labour (5-14 years): N/A
  9. Trade union situation

Complaints handling in Macedonia

FWF considers a growth in complaints to be a good sign. This means that workers are becoming more aware of their rights and are more comfortable coming forward with grievances about their working conditions and the way Fair Wear Foundation's Code of Labour Practices is implemented in these factories. View all complaints in Macedonia.

Complaint statistics since 2012

FWF has received 3 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 2 complaints
Most complaints concerned Reasonable hours of work
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

Reasonable hours of work 3 a living wage 2 Safe conditions 1
FWF has received 3 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 2 complaints
Most complaints concerned Reasonable hours of work
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

Reasonable hours of work 3
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

a living wage 2
Most complaints are about these labour standards:

Complaints may involve more than one labour standard.

Safe conditions 1

Latest complaints

workfashion.com ag, Complaint 307

A complaint was filed on 14 December 2017. The complainant claims that the factory work… read more

View all complaints in Macedonia

Resources

Resources related to Macedonia

Macedonia 2017 Country Study

The textile industry is one of Macedonia’s most developed economi date: 13/12/2017Read more

Macedonia Country Plan 2012

Macedonia date: 21/12/2011Read more

Macedonia Complaint Albiro May 2014

INITIAL REPORT COMPLAINT IN macedonia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING albiro date: 28/03/2014Read more

Macedonia Country Study 2010

Macedonia (2010)   date: 21/12/2011Read more

Members in Macedonia

Projects

Projects in Macedonia

Workplace Education Programme

FWF members look for more than participating in auditing. FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) provides short, targeted onsite training for managers, supervisors and workers. The training aims to raise awareness about the various labour standards and effective methods for communicating about problems and resolving disputes. Managers, supervisors and workers also learn about FWF’s complaints mechanism.

Go to WEP

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FWF around the world

Most of FWF's work is focused on four priority countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Turkey. Around 80% of FWF member production comes from these four countries.

FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

Complaints in country

FWF projects in country

Data is obtained from Brand Performance Checks and may not reflect the most current situation

Albania

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Fair Wear is not active in Albania

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Albania

Armenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Armenia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Armenia

Austria

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Fair Wear is not active in Austria

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bahrain

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Fair Wear is not active in Bahrain

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bahrain

4 complaints

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

225 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Bangladesh

35 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

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Fair Wear is not active in Belarus

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

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Fair Wear is not active in Belgium

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

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Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

9 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

45 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaint

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

Although FWF is not currently active in Cambodia, one of FWF's stra... more

Fair Wear is not active in Cambodia

11 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

826 factories work with FWF members

62 FWF members source in China

61 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

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Fair Wear is not active in Croatia

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

12 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

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Fair Wear is not active in Egypt

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

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Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Ethiopia

France

more

Fair Wear is not active in France

31 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

1 complaint

Georgia

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Fair Wear is not active in Georgia

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Georgia

Germany

more

Fair Wear is not active in Germany

57 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Germany

Greece

more

Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Greece

Honduras

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Fair Wear is not active in Honduras

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Honduras

Hong Kong

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Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

6 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

23 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

238 factories work with FWF members

41 FWF members source in India

67 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

30 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Indonesia

10 complaints

1 FWF projects

Israel

more

Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

172 factories work with FWF members

25 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jordan

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Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

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Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

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Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

13 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

50 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

Fair Wear is active in Macedonia

36 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Macedonia

3 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

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Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Malaysia

Mauritius

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mauritius

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mauritius

Moldova

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Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

8 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

more

Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

10 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Morocco

2 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

17 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Myanmar

33 complaints

1 FWF projects

Nepal

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Fair Wear is not active in Nepal

3 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

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Fair Wear is not active in Netherlands

6 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Netherlands

4 complaints

New Zealand

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Fair Wear is not active in New Zealand

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaint

Peru

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Fair Wear is not active in Peru

8 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

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Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

45 factories work with FWF members

24 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

136 factories work with FWF members

35 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

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Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

57 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

4 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

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Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

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Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

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Fair Wear is not active in Spain

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

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Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

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Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

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Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

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Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

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Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

9 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaint

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

64 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Tunisia

13 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

217 factories work with FWF members

44 FWF members source in Turkey

43 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ukraine

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Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

10 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaint

United Arab Emirates

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Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

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Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

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Fair Wear is not active in United States

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

In 2017 Fair Wear Foundation had 29 member companies sourcing from ... more

Fair Wear is active in Vietnam

155 factories work with FWF members

29 FWF members source in Vietnam

19 complaints

1 FWF projects

Zimbabwe

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Fair Wear is not active in Zimbabwe

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Zimbabwe