Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an industry that supplies trousers, jeans, T-shirts, work attire, and swimwear mostly for those living in the European Union (EU).

Employing more than 250,000 individuals, the textile/garment industry is key in economic growth. The textile/garment sector is the second exporter among Tunisian manufacturing industries, representing 19% of total exports (CEPEX, 2013). Two of the garment key organizations are the Tunisian General Union of Workers (UGTT), and the Tunisian Union of Manufacturing, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA). The UGTT and the UTICA are the main stakeholders in collective bargaining.

The 2015 Nobel peace prize was won by the Tunisian quartet – made up of the union federation UGTT, the employers’ institute, the Tunisian human rights league and the order of lawyers, who prevented Tunisia from falling into a civil war by brokering talks between the different forces. 2015 marked further political transitioning with a new government beginning a five-year term. Tunisia was also shocked by several terrorist attacks on tourists and the presidential guard. The attacks are likely to have an impact on economic growth, as tourism is one of the main economic sectors.

Currently, approximately 40 factories are supplying 13 FWF members. In Tunisian textile factories, human rights violations take place. One of the most common findings in FWF audits is that workers are not aware of their labour rights. Complaints handling systems are not functioning well, and workers don’t have access to remedy. FWF has a local audit team and complaints handler in Tunis.

FWF found many cases where worker committees did not exist or were not active, even though they are a legal requirement.

Issues concerning occupational health and safety were found in all factories audited by FWF, like blocked access to emergency exits, lack of evacuation plans and fire safety. Many workers did not obtain a contract or only signed a short-term contract of one to three months and were transferred to an interim agency after four years instead of obtaining a permanent contract.

Lack of payment of a living wage remains a problem, especially since the inflation rate is high.

In some cases FWF found juvenile workers and apprentices who worked overtime and were not properly registered.

In 2016, Fair Wear Foundation’s activities in Tunisia focused on the implementation of the Workplace Education Programme to raise awareness on labour rights and grievance mechanisms. After having started up the Workplace Education Programme in 2014 in Tunisia, FWF continues to promote the WEP Basic training among brands sourcing from Tunisia.

For questions about FWF’s work in Tunisia, please contact Wilco van Bokhorst.

Indicators

  1. FWF active since: 2004
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 1
  4. FWF member sourcing: 19
  5. Number of suppliers: 49
  6. Human development rank: 96
  7. Minimum wage: 340TND=220$
  8. GDP per capita per year(PPP$): 10767.6
  9. Income equality value (Gini): 35.8
  10. Population below 1.25$/day: --
  11. Child labour (5-14 years): --
  12. Trade union situation

Complaints handling in Tunisia

The complaints procedure allows workers or their representatives in garment factories which supply members of Fair Wear Foundation to make complaints about their working conditions and the way Fair Wear Foundation's Code of Labour Practices is implemented in these factories.

Statistics

FWF has received 9 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 9 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

FWF has received 9 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 9 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about
a legal contract 7
Most complaints are about
a living wage 6
Most complaints are about
Safe conditions 3

Resources

Resources related to Tunisia

Tunisia Complaint KOI March 2017

Complaint at a factory in Tunisia where FWF member KOI has productio date: 13/08/2017Read more

Tunisia Complaint Bierbaum Proenen July 2017

Complaint at a factory in Tunisia where Bierbaum Proenen has product date: 13/08/2017Read more

Tunisia Complaint Van Puijenbroek March 2017

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Tunisia supplying Van P date: 25/04/2017Read more

Tunisia complaint Bierbaum Proenen Feb. 2017

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Tunisia supplying Bierb date: 06/06/2017Read more

Tunisia Complaint Expresso August 2016

Initial report Complaint tunisia Expresso 2016 On 5 August 2016, a date: 17/11/2016Read more

Tunisia Complaint Nudie Jeans May 2016

Final report of complaint at factory in Tunisia supplying Nudie Jean date: 11/05/2016Read more

Tunisia Complaint Bierbaum Proenen and Fristads Kansas June 2016

Initial report of a complaint in Tunisia at a factory supplying Bie date: 17/11/2016Read more

Tunisia Country Study 2015

Tunisia     date: 21/07/2016Read more

Tunisia Country Plan 2015

Tunisia (2015) date: 21/12/2011Read more

Tunisia Complaint Expresso December 2015

intermediate REPORT COMPLAINT IN tunesia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING exp date: 15/02/2015Read more

Tunisia Complaint Bierbaum Proenen June 2014

intermediate REPORT COMPLAINT IN Tunesia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Bie date: 28/03/2014Read more

Tunisia Complaint Nudie Jeans May 2014

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN Tunesia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Nudie jeans date: 28/03/2014Read more

Tunisia Complaint Expresso March 2013

Final REPORT COMPLAINT IN Tunesia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING expresso date: 26/02/2013Read more

Tunisia Complaint Expresso February 2010

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN tunesia AT FACTORY SUPPLYING expresso date: 22/12/2011Read more

Tunisia Complaint Bierbaum Proenen June 2014 Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Tunisia supplying Bierb date: 14/06/2017Read more

Members in Tunisia

Projects

Projects in Tunisia

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an industry that supplies trousers, jeans, T-shirts, work attire, and swimwear mostly for those living in the European Union (EU).

Employing more than 250,000 individuals, the textile/garment industry is key in economic growth. The textile/garment sector is the second exporter among Tunisian manufacturing industries, representing 19% of total exports (CEPEX, 2013). Two of the garment key organizations are the Tunisian General Union of Workers (UGTT), and the Tunisian Union of Manufacturing, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA). The UGTT and the UTICA are the main stakeholders in collective bargaining.

The 2015 Nobel peace prize was won by the Tunisian quartet – made up of the union federation UGTT, the employers’ institute, the Tunisian human rights league and the order of lawyers, who prevented Tunisia from falling into a civil war by brokering talks between the different forces. 2015 marked further political transitioning with a new government beginning a five-year term. Tunisia was also shocked by several terrorist attacks on tourists and the presidential guard. The attacks are likely to have an impact on economic growth, as tourism is one of the main economic sectors.

Currently, approximately 40 factories are supplying 13 FWF members. In Tunisian textile factories, human rights violations take place. One of the most common findings in FWF audits is that workers are not aware of their labour rights. Complaints handling systems are not functioning well, and workers don’t have access to remedy. FWF has a local audit team and complaints handler in Tunis.

FWF found many cases where worker committees did not exist or were not active, even though they are a legal requirement.

Issues concerning occupational health and safety were found in all factories audited by FWF, like blocked access to emergency exits, lack of evacuation plans and fire safety. Many workers did not obtain a contract or only signed a short-term contract of one to three months and were transferred to an interim agency after four years instead of obtaining a permanent contract.

Lack of payment of a living wage remains a problem, especially since the inflation rate is high.

In some cases FWF found juvenile workers and apprentices who worked overtime and were not properly registered.

In 2016, Fair Wear Foundation’s activities in Tunisia focused on the implementation of the Workplace Education Programme to raise awareness on labour rights and grievance mechanisms. After having started up the Workplace Education Programme in 2014 in Tunisia, FWF continues to promote the WEP Basic training among brands sourcing from Tunisia.

For questions about FWF’s work in Tunisia, please contact Wilco van Bokhorst.

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FWF around the world

Most of FWF's work is focused on four priority countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Turkey. Around 80% of FWF member production comes from these four countries.

FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

Complaints in country

FWF projects in country

Data is obtained from Brand Performance Checks and may not reflect the most current situation

Albania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Albania

6 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Albania

Armenia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Armenia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Armenia

Austria

more

Fair Wear is not active in Austria

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bahrain

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bahrain

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bahrain

4 complaints

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

221 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bangladesh

32 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belarus

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belgium

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

9 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

36 factories work with FWF members

16 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaint

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

Although FWF is not currently active in Cambodia, one of FWF's stra... more

Fair Wear is not active in Cambodia

10 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

812 factories work with FWF members

60 FWF members source in China

57 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Croatia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

11 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

more

Fair Wear is not active in Egypt

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Ethiopia

France

more

Fair Wear is not active in France

31 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

4 complaints

Georgia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Georgia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Georgia

Germany

more

Fair Wear is not active in Germany

59 factories work with FWF members

22 FWF members source in Germany

Greece

more

Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Greece

Honduras

more

Fair Wear is not active in Honduras

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Honduras

Hong Kong

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

6 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

22 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

227 factories work with FWF members

40 FWF members source in India

50 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

27 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Indonesia

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ireland

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ireland

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Ireland

Israel

more

Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

162 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jordan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Kazakhstan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Kazakhstan

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Kazakhstan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

8 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

49 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

Fair Wear is active in Macedonia

33 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Macedonia

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

more

Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Malaysia

Mauritius

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mauritius

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mauritius

Moldova

more

Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

8 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

more

Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

12 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Morocco

2 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

16 factories work with FWF members

9 FWF members source in Myanmar

15 complaints

Nepal

more

Fair Wear is not active in Nepal

3 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

more

Fair Wear is not active in Netherlands

5 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Netherlands

4 complaints

New Zealand

more

Fair Wear is not active in New Zealand

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaint

Peru

more

Fair Wear is not active in Peru

15 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

more

Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

57 factories work with FWF members

25 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

137 factories work with FWF members

36 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

more

Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

56 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

4 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

more

Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

more

Fair Wear is not active in Spain

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

more

Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

more

Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

more

Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

more

Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

10 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaint

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

62 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Tunisia

9 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

202 factories work with FWF members

44 FWF members source in Turkey

31 complaints

1 FWF projects

Uganda

more

Fair Wear is not active in Uganda

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Uganda

Ukraine

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

10 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaint

United Arab Emirates

more

Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

more

Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

more

Fair Wear is not active in United States

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

In 2016 Fair Wear Foundation has 21 member companies sourcing from ... more

Fair Wear is active in Vietnam

132 factories work with FWF members

24 FWF members source in Vietnam

14 complaints

1 FWF projects

Zimbabwe

more

Fair Wear is not active in Zimbabwe

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Zimbabwe