Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an industry that supplies trousers, jeans, T-shirts, work attire, and swimwear mostly for those living in the European Union (EU).

Employing more than 250,000 individuals, the textile/garment industry is key in economic growth. The textile/garment sector is the second exporter among Tunisian manufacturing industries, representing 19% of total exports (CEPEX, 2013). Two of the garment key organizations are the Tunisian General Union of Workers (UGTT), and the Tunisian Union of Manufacturing, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA). The UGTT and the UTICA are the main stakeholders in collective bargaining.

The 2015 Nobel peace prize was won by the Tunisian quartet – made up of the union federation UGTT, the employers’ institute, the Tunisian human rights league and the order of lawyers, who prevented Tunisia from falling into a civil war by brokering talks between the different forces. 2015 marked further political transitioning with a new government beginning a five-year term. Tunisia was also shocked by several terrorist attacks on tourists and the presidential guard. The attacks are likely to have an impact on economic growth, as tourism is one of the main economic sectors.

Currently, approximately 40 factories are supplying 13 FWF members. In Tunisian textile factories, human rights violations take place. One of the most common findings in FWF audits is that workers are not aware of their labour rights. Complaints handling systems are not functioning well, and workers don’t have access to remedy. FWF has a local audit team and complaints handler in Tunis.

FWF found many cases where worker committees did not exist or were not active, even though they are a legal requirement.

Issues concerning occupational health and safety were found in all factories audited by FWF, like blocked access to emergency exits, lack of evacuation plans and fire safety. Many workers did not obtain a contract or only signed a short-term contract of one to three months and were transferred to an interim agency after four years instead of obtaining a permanent contract.

Lack of payment of a living wage remains a problem, especially since the inflation rate is high.

In some cases FWF found juvenile workers and apprentices who worked overtime and were not properly registered.

In 2016, Fair Wear Foundation’s activities in Tunisia will focus on the implementation of the Workplace Education Programme, to raise awareness on labour rights and grievance mechanisms. After having started up the Workplace Education Programme in 2014 in Tunisia, FWF continues to promote the WEP Basic training among brands sourcing from Tunisia.

For questions about FWF’s work in Tunisia, please contact Wilco van Bokhorst.

Indicators

  1. FWF active since: 2004
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 1
  4. FWF member sourcing: 19
  5. Number of suppliers: 49
  6. Human development rank: 96
  7. Minimum wage: 340TND=220$
  8. GDP per capita per year(PPP$): 10767.6
  9. Income equality value (Gini): 35.8
  10. Population below 1.25$/day: --
  11. Child labour (5-14 years): --
  12. Trade union situation

Resources

Resources related to Tunisia

Members in Tunisia

Projects

Projects in Tunisia

Workplace Education Programme

FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) aims to move companies beyond auditing and corrective action, and towards collaborative workplaces, where issues are raised and resolved through open communication.

go to WEP

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China

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Fiji

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France

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Germany

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50 factories work with FWF members

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Greece

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Hong Kong

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Hungary

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21 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Hungary

India

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206 factories work with FWF members

36 FWF members source in India

33 complaints

Indonesia

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24 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Indonesia

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Israel

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1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

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150 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

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2 factories work with FWF members

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1 complaints

Jordan

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Lao People´s Democratic Republic

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3 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

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5 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

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15 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

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Malaysia

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1 factories work with FWF members

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Moldova

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7 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

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1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

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11 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Morocco

1 complaints

Myanmar

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18 factories work with FWF members

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1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

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15 factories work with FWF members

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2 complaints

New Zealand

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1 factories work with FWF members

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Pakistan

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32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaints

Peru

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15 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

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1 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

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Portugal

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138 factories work with FWF members

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Republic of Korea

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5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

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55 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

2 complaints

Russian Federation

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1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

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4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

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18 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

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4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

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8 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

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4 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

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5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

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8 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

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Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

4 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

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10 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaints

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

56 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Tunisia

5 complaints

Turkey

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155 factories work with FWF members

38 FWF members source in Turkey

30 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ukraine

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9 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaints

United Arab Emirates

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3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

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4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

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3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

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107 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Vietnam

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