This country study draws on consultations with key stakeholders across India’s textile and garment sector, Fair Wear Foundation (FWF) audits and complaints received via the FWF complaints mechanism to detail the unacceptable working conditions faced by many textile and garment workers in India. The study focused on the working conditions of textile and garment workers in the production hubs of Delhi National Capital Region (NCR), Bangalore and Tirupur. From November to December 2018 about 20 stakeholders were consulted in the three regional hubs. Stakeholders largely comprised of NGOs and research centres and few trade unions, business associations, public authority and international organisation. The full list of stakeholders is available in Annex III.
The textile and garment industry is the third largest employer in India, with 45 million workers employed in the sector. While the growth rate of ready-made garments for export has slowed down, the domestic market continues to expand considerably. Several industry-wide trends are shaping working conditions in the textile and garment industry; namely, the increased employment of contract workers and inter-state migrants and the displacement of factories to contain production costs.Download