Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Production mostly takes place in and around Istanbul, Izmir and Denizli. The lack of social dialogue, functioning industrial relations and the obstruction of the right to organise and bargain collectively in the garment industry are the biggest challenges faced by workers.

The most common problems found in FWF’s audits in Turkey are falsification of wage records to avoid paying fees to the social security administration. This affects worker pensions and severance payments negatively when they are dismissed or retire. Other common problems found concern working hours, payments of overtime and annual leave and unfair dismissals, particularly of trade union members. Furthermore some factories have been found to use false apprenticeship schemes in order to pay a part of the workforce less than the legal minimum wage.

In Turkey, the industry is marked by complex subcontracting chains and deeper down in these chains child labour may be used. Also during summer holidays, child labour increases in the garment industry.

The arrival of Syrian refugees in Turkey makes for an increased risk of child labour in the garment and apparel factories. The current situation concerning refugees makes the Syrian child labour an upcoming issue.

The work of FWF in Turkey focuses on strengthening communication and social dialogue at suppliers of FWF member companies. Awareness raising and trainings will be arranged for both management and workers at suppliers to FWF affiliates. The verification will focus on factory audits with the local FWF audit teams and effective complaints handling.

For questions about FWF’s work in Turkey, please check the resources below or contact Andriette Nommensen.

Indicators

  1. FWF active since: 2002
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 2
  4. FWF affiliates sourcing: 38
  5. Number of suppliers: 155
  6. Human development rank: 69
  7. Minimum wage: --
  8. GDP per capita per year(PPP$): 18,167
  9. Income equality value (Gini): 40
  10. Population below 1,25$/day: --
  11. Rule of law: 55,9%
  12. Global Gender Gap Index: 125
  13. Child labour (5-14 years): 6%
  14. Trade union situation

Complaints handling in Turkey

The complaints procedure allows workers or their representatives in garment factories which supply members of Fair Wear Foundation to make complaints about their working conditions and the way Fair Wear Foundation's Code of Labour Practices is implemented in these factories.

Statistics

FWF has received 31 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 31 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

FWF has received 31 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 31 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about
a legal contract 16
Most complaints are about
a living wage 8
Most complaints are about
Reasonable hours of work 7

Resources

Resources related to Turkey

Turkey Complaint Bierbaum Proenen June 2017

Complaint at a factory in Turkey supplying FWF member Bierbaum Proen date: 13/08/2017Read more

FWF guidance on risks related to Turkish garment factories employing Syrian refugees 2017

As the Syrian refugee crisis enters its sixth year, Turkey now hosts date: 14/02/2017Read more

Turkey Complaint Salewa & Dynafit March 2016

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Turkey supplying Salewa date: 26/04/2017Read more

Child labour in Turkey: How the Syrian conflict is impacting the Turkish garment sector

Child labour in Turkey: How the Syrian conflict is impacting the Tur date: 14/02/2017Read more

Turkey Country Study 2016

Turkey Country Study 2016 The garment industry is Turkey’s second date: 13/02/2017Read more

Turkey Complaint Schijvens March 2017 Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Turkey supplying Schijve date: 15/06/2017Read more

Turkey Complaint Bierbaum-Proenen Jan. 2017 interim report

Interim report of a complaint at a factory in Turkey supplying Bier date: 08/05/2017Read more

Turkey Complaint Bierbaum-Proenen Jan. 2017

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Turkey supplying Bierba date: 08/05/2017Read more

Turkey Complaint Heigo, Vaude, ClubKollektion Sept. 2016 Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Turkey supplying Heigo, date: 18/07/2017Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatur, Mini Rodini and Nudie Jeans April 2016 interim report

INTERMEDIARY REPORT OF A COMPLAINT IN TURKEY AT A FACTORY SUPPLYING date: 09/05/2017Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatur, Mini Rodini, Nudie Jeans April 2016

Interim report of a complaint in Turkey at a factory supplying Hess date: 09/05/2017Read more

Turkey Country Plan 2015

Turkey Country Plan 2015 Since 2002 Fair Wear Foundation (FWF) has date: 12/01/2017Read more

Turkey Refugee Guidance 2015 EN

Turkey Refugee Guidance 2015 Since the start of fighting in Syria i date: 21/12/2011Read more

Turkey Refugee Guidance 2015 Turkish

TURKEY REFUGEE GUIDANCE 2015 - In Turkish Since the start of fighti date: 21/12/2011Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatur, Triaz and Gruene Erde April 2012

final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Turkey AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES Hessn date: 01/06/2012Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatur October 2013

INTERMEDIATE REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Turkey AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES date: 26/02/2013Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatur March 2010

final REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN turkey AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES hessn date: 22/12/2011Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatur February 2014

INTERMEDIATE REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Turkey AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES date: 28/03/2014Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatur April 2014

INITIAL REPORT COMPLAINT IN Turkey AT FACTORY SUPPLYING hessnatur date: 28/03/2014Read more

Turkey Complaint DW- Shop January 2014

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN turkey AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Dw-shop On date: 28/03/2014Read more

Turkey Complaint Blackout AG May 2009

final REPORT COMPLAINT IN turkey AT FACTORY SUPPLYING black out AG date: 22/12/2011Read more

Turkey Complaint Assessment JC Rags July 2011

COMPLAINT assessment IN Turkey AT FACTORY SUPPLYING JC rags In N date: 16/12/2011Read more

Turkey Complaint Acne November 2012

intermediate REPORT COMPLAINT IN turkey AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Acne date: 01/06/2012Read more

Turkey Complaint Acne May 2011

INTERMEDIATE REPORT COMPLAINT IN Turkey AT FACTORY SUPPLYING Acne date: 22/12/2011Read more

Turkey Complaint Hessnatuur February 2014

INTERMEDIATE REPORT OF COMPLAINT IN Turkey AT FACTORY THAT SUPPLIES date: 28/03/2014Read more

Members in Turkey

Projects

Projects in Turkey

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Production mostly takes place in and around Istanbul, Izmir and Denizli. The lack of social dialogue, functioning industrial relations and the obstruction of the right to organise and bargain collectively in the garment industry are the biggest challenges faced by workers.

The most common problems found in FWF’s audits in Turkey are falsification of wage records to avoid paying fees to the social security administration. This affects worker pensions and severance payments negatively when they are dismissed or retire. Other common problems found concern working hours, payments of overtime and annual leave and unfair dismissals, particularly of trade union members. Furthermore some factories have been found to use false apprenticeship schemes in order to pay a part of the workforce less than the legal minimum wage.

In Turkey, the industry is marked by complex subcontracting chains and deeper down in these chains child labour may be used. Also during summer holidays, child labour increases in the garment industry.

The arrival of Syrian refugees in Turkey makes for an increased risk of child labour in the garment and apparel factories. The current situation concerning refugees makes the Syrian child labour an upcoming issue.

The work of FWF in Turkey focuses on strengthening communication and social dialogue at suppliers of FWF member companies. Awareness raising and trainings will be arranged for both management and workers at suppliers to FWF affiliates. The verification will focus on factory audits with the local FWF audit teams and effective complaints handling.

For questions about FWF’s work in Turkey, please check the resources below or contact Andriette Nommensen.

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FWF around the world

Most of FWF's work is focused on four priority countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Turkey. Around 80% of FWF member production comes from these four countries.

FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

Complaints in country

FWF projects in country

Data is obtained from Brand Performance Checks and may not reflect the most current situation

Albania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Albania

6 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Albania

Armenia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Armenia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Armenia

Austria

more

Fair Wear is not active in Austria

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bahrain

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bahrain

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bahrain

4 complaints

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

221 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bangladesh

32 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belarus

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belgium

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

9 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

36 factories work with FWF members

16 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaint

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

Although FWF is not currently active in Cambodia, one of FWF's stra... more

Fair Wear is not active in Cambodia

10 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

812 factories work with FWF members

60 FWF members source in China

57 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Croatia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

11 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

more

Fair Wear is not active in Egypt

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Ethiopia

France

more

Fair Wear is not active in France

31 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

4 complaints

Georgia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Georgia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Georgia

Germany

more

Fair Wear is not active in Germany

59 factories work with FWF members

22 FWF members source in Germany

Greece

more

Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Greece

Honduras

more

Fair Wear is not active in Honduras

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Honduras

Hong Kong

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

6 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

22 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

227 factories work with FWF members

40 FWF members source in India

50 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

27 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Indonesia

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ireland

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ireland

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Ireland

Israel

more

Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

162 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jordan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Kazakhstan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Kazakhstan

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Kazakhstan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

8 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

49 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

Fair Wear is active in Macedonia

33 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Macedonia

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

more

Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Malaysia

Mauritius

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mauritius

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mauritius

Moldova

more

Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

8 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

more

Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

12 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Morocco

2 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

16 factories work with FWF members

9 FWF members source in Myanmar

15 complaints

Nepal

more

Fair Wear is not active in Nepal

3 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

more

Fair Wear is not active in Netherlands

5 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Netherlands

4 complaints

New Zealand

more

Fair Wear is not active in New Zealand

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaint

Peru

more

Fair Wear is not active in Peru

15 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

more

Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

57 factories work with FWF members

25 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

137 factories work with FWF members

36 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

more

Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

56 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

4 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

more

Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

more

Fair Wear is not active in Spain

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

more

Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

more

Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

more

Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

more

Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

10 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaint

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

62 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Tunisia

9 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

202 factories work with FWF members

44 FWF members source in Turkey

31 complaints

1 FWF projects

Uganda

more

Fair Wear is not active in Uganda

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Uganda

Ukraine

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

10 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaint

United Arab Emirates

more

Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

more

Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

more

Fair Wear is not active in United States

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

In 2016 Fair Wear Foundation has 21 member companies sourcing from ... more

Fair Wear is active in Vietnam

132 factories work with FWF members

24 FWF members source in Vietnam

14 complaints

1 FWF projects

Zimbabwe

more

Fair Wear is not active in Zimbabwe

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Zimbabwe