Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and political rights, FWF continues to regard it as a high risk country, facing specific challenges with regard to implementation of labour standards. Serious challenges remain to adhere to FWF’s eight labour standards in Myanmar. Garment factories in Myanmar particularly face high risks for violations including: low wages, long working hours, repression of union members and strike leaders, poor working conditions, child labour, and the lack of a healthy social dialogue among both employers and unions. In addition, women workers reported they face a high risk of verbal and physical abuse, particularly when they leave work at late hours. These problems are exacerbated by high levels of corruption, land grabbing, and military and crony involvement in local business.

FWF has seen a slow but steady increase in the number of factories in Myanmar from which FWF members source. At present (update November 2016), 11 FWF member companies are (actively) sourcing from 18 factories in Myanmar.

Following the suspension of economic sanctions by the EU, the US and other Western countries,  in June 2012 the board of FWF decided to suspend the requirement for new companies to phase out production in Myanmar factories. It also decided to re-evaluate its position one year later, which led to the issuance of a discussion paper in June 2013 and finally a position paper in December 2013. This position paper indicates a number of requirements for member companies that are sourcing in Myanmar:

  • Avoid production at factories linked to the military, forced labour and/or  land grabbing practices
  • Describe reasons for moving production into Myanmar
  • Specify how conditions for each labour standard in Myanmar will be improved in practice
  • Promote processes that enhance social dialogue in each production factory in the country, preferably select unionised factories
  • Publish wage ladders per factory and cross-check with available benchmarks

These country specific requirements for Myanmar are in addition to FWF’s general requirements for its members. FWF members (that consider) placing orders in Myanmar are required to share in full their due diligence process with FWF to ensure compliance with above points. In addition, FWF maintains and publishes a list of factories that makes transparent where FWF members are sourcing.

In 2016 FWF published its first country study for Myanmar. In addition, it will be establishing its standard verification model including factory audits (including off-site worker interviews) and a local complaints helpline for workers. In addition, in order to enhance worker awareness, FWF translated the Fair Wear Formula video into Burmese and customised its Workplace Education Programme for Myanmar.

Indicators

  1. FWF active: yes
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 1
  4. FWF members sourcing: 11
  5. Number of suppliers: 20
  6. GDP per capita (PPP$): --
  7. Human development rank: 150
  8. Gender rel. development rank: --
  9. Minimum wage (PPP$): 3 600 MMK a day
  10. Population below 2$/day: --
  11. Income equality rank (Gini): --
  12. Child labour (5-15 years): --
  13. Trade union situation

Resources

Resources related to Myanmar

Myanmar Country Study 2016

This country study should provide a clear and concise picture of the date: 30/11/2016Read more

FWF Updated Position Paper on Myanmar 2013

In May 2010 the FWF board adopted a formal position on Myanmar (Burm date: 21/12/2011Read more

Factories in Myanmar supplying FWF members

FWF members with production in Myanmar are required to implement add date: 27/10/2016Read more

Members in Myanmar

Projects

Projects in Myanmar

Workplace Education Programme

FWF members aim for more than participating in auditing. FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) provides short, targeted onsite training for managers, supervisors and workers. The training aims to raise awareness about the various labour standards and effective methods for communicating about problems and resolving disputes. Managers, supervisors and workers also learn about FWF’s complaints mechanism.

Go to WEP

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FWF around the world

Most of FWF's work is focused on four priority countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Turkey. Around 80% of FWF member production comes from these four countries.

FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

complaints in country

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Albania

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Fair Wear is not active in Albania

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Albania

Algeria

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Fair Wear is not active in Algeria

1 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Algeria

Argentina

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Fair Wear is not active in Argentina

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Argentina

Austria

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Fair Wear is not active in Austria

8 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

205 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bangladesh

29 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

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2 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

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4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

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Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

10 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

30 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaints

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

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11 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

726 factories work with FWF members

56 FWF members source in China

52 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

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4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

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Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

14 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

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2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

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Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

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Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Ethiopia

Fiji

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Fair Wear is not active in Fiji

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Fiji

France

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Fair Wear is not active in France

20 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

Germany

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Fair Wear is not active in Germany

50 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Germany

1 complaints

Greece

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Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Greece

Hong Kong

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Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

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Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

21 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

206 factories work with FWF members

36 FWF members source in India

33 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

24 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Indonesia

1 complaints

1 FWF projects

Israel

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Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

150 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jamaica

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Fair Wear is not active in Jamaica

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jamaica

1 complaints

Jordan

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Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

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Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

6 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

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Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

7 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

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Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

52 factories work with FWF members

15 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

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30 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Macedonia

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

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Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

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Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Malaysia

Moldova

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Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

7 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

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Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

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Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

11 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Morocco

1 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

18 factories work with FWF members

11 FWF members source in Myanmar

5 complaints

1 FWF projects

Nepal

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2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

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15 factories work with FWF members

10 FWF members source in Netherlands

2 complaints

New Zealand

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1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaints

Peru

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Fair Wear is not active in Peru

15 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

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Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

1 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

50 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

138 factories work with FWF members

34 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

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Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

55 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

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Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

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Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

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Fair Wear is not active in Spain

8 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

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Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

4 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

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Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

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Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

8 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

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Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

4 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

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Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

10 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaints

Tunisia

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Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

56 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Tunisia

5 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

155 factories work with FWF members

38 FWF members source in Turkey

30 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ukraine

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Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

9 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaints

United Arab Emirates

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Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

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Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

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Fair Wear is not active in United States

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

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107 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Vietnam

7 complaints

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