Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and political rights, FWF continues to regard it as a high risk country, facing specific challenges with regard to implementation of labour standards. Serious challenges remain to adhere to FWF’s eight labour standards in Myanmar. Garment factories in Myanmar particularly face high risks for violations including: low wages, long working hours, repression of union members and strike leaders, poor working conditions, child labour, and the lack of a healthy social dialogue among both employers and unions. In addition, women workers reported they face a high risk of verbal and physical abuse, particularly when they leave work at late hours. These problems are exacerbated by high levels of corruption, land grabbing, and military and crony involvement in local business.

FWF has seen a slow but steady increase in the number of factories in Myanmar from which FWF members source. At present (update November 2016), 11 FWF member companies are (actively) sourcing from 18 factories in Myanmar.

Following the suspension of economic sanctions by the EU, the US and other Western countries,  in June 2012 the board of FWF decided to suspend the requirement for new companies to phase out production in Myanmar factories. It also decided to re-evaluate its position one year later, which led to the issuance of a discussion paper in June 2013 and finally a position paper in December 2013. This position paper indicates a number of requirements for member companies that are sourcing in Myanmar:

  • Avoid production at factories linked to the military, forced labour and/or  land grabbing practices
  • Describe reasons for moving production into Myanmar
  • Specify how conditions for each labour standard in Myanmar will be improved in practice
  • Promote processes that enhance social dialogue in each production factory in the country, preferably select unionised factories
  • Publish wage ladders per factory and cross-check with available benchmarks

These country specific requirements for Myanmar are in addition to FWF’s general requirements for its members. FWF members (that consider) placing orders in Myanmar are required to share in full their due diligence process with FWF to ensure compliance with above points. In addition, FWF maintains and publishes a list of factories that makes transparent where FWF members are sourcing.

In 2016 FWF published its first country study for Myanmar. In addition, it will be establishing its standard verification model including factory audits (including off-site worker interviews) and a local complaints helpline for workers. In addition, in order to enhance worker awareness, FWF translated the Fair Wear Formula video into Burmese and customised its Workplace Education Programme for Myanmar.

Please also check out our video about Thet Thet Zon, a garment worker in Myanmar. Thet Thet talks openly about what she earns and what she spends in the latest FWF video.

Indicators

  1. FWF active: yes
  2. Complaints handler: yes
  3. Audit teams: 1
  4. FWF members sourcing: 13
  5. Number of suppliers: 21
  6. GDP per capita (PPP$): --
  7. Human development rank: 150
  8. Gender rel. development rank: --
  9. Minimum wage (PPP$): 3 600 MMK a day
  10. Population below 2$/day: --
  11. Income equality rank (Gini): --
  12. Child labour (5-15 years): --
  13. Trade union situation

Complaints handling in Myanmar

The complaints procedure allows workers or their representatives in garment factories which supply members of Fair Wear Foundation to make complaints about their working conditions and the way Fair Wear Foundation's Code of Labour Practices is implemented in these factories.

Statistics

FWF has received 15 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 15 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

FWF has received 15 complaints about workplace violations
Together with brands and factories we have resolved and closed 15 complaints
Most complaints concerned Legally binding employment relationship
Complaints received per year

FWF encourages workers to use internal grievance systems, and sees the complaints system as a last-resort measure.

Most complaints are about
a legal contract 8
Most complaints are about
Freedom of association 5
Most complaints are about
Reasonable hours of work 3

Resources

Resources related to Myanmar

Age verification Myanmar - FWF guidance

A practical Guidance Document to help garment factories in Myanmar t date: 23/11/2017Read more

Factories in Myanmar supplying FWF members August 2017

FWF members with production in Myanmar are required to implement add date: 25/08/2017Read more

Myanmar Country Study 2016

This country study should provide a clear and concise picture of the date: 30/11/2016Read more

FWF Updated Position Paper on Myanmar 2013

In May 2010 the FWF board adopted a formal position on Myanmar (Burm date: 21/12/2011Read more

Myanmar Complaint Takko June 2017 Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Myanmar supplying Takko date: 11/07/2017Read more

Myanmar Complaint Takko May 2017 Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Myanmar supplying Takko date: 10/07/2017Read more

Myanmar Complaint Fond of Bags March 2017, Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Myanmar supplying Fond o date: 11/07/2017Read more

Myanmar Complaint Jack Wolfskin Salewa November 2016

Final report of complaint involving Jack Wolfskin and Salewa in Myan date: 01/12/2016Read more

Myanmar Complaint Jack Wolfskin, Salewa & Dynafit Aug. 2016 Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Myanmar supplying Jack date: 01/08/2017Read more

Myanmar Complaint Mammut, OSC, Deuter Dec. 2016 Final Report

Final report of a complaint at a factory in Myanmar supplying Mammu date: 11/07/2017Read more

Members in Myanmar

Projects

Projects in Myanmar

Workplace Education Programme

FWF members look for more than participating in auditing. FWF’s Workplace Education Programme (WEP) provides short, targeted onsite training for managers, supervisors and workers. The training aims to raise awareness about the various labour standards and effective methods for communicating about problems and resolving disputes. Managers, supervisors and workers also learn about FWF’s complaints mechanism.

Go to WEP

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FWF around the world

Most of FWF's work is focused on four priority countries: Bangladesh, China, India and Turkey. Around 80% of FWF member production comes from these four countries.

FWF is active in country

FWF member brand sources in country

Complaints in country

FWF projects in country

Data is obtained from Brand Performance Checks and may not reflect the most current situation

Albania

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Fair Wear is not active in Albania

6 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Albania

Armenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Armenia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Armenia

Austria

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Fair Wear is not active in Austria

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Austria

Bahrain

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Fair Wear is not active in Bahrain

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bahrain

4 complaints

Bangladesh

The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh has experienced... more

Fair Wear is active in Bangladesh

221 factories work with FWF members

17 FWF members source in Bangladesh

32 complaints

1 FWF projects

Belarus

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Fair Wear is not active in Belarus

1 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Belarus

Belgium

more

Fair Wear is not active in Belgium

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Belgium

Bolivia

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Fair Wear is not active in Bolivia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

more

Fair Wear is not active in Bosnia and Herzegovina

9 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

The predominant part of the apparel producing companies in Bulgaria... more

Fair Wear is active in Bulgaria

36 factories work with FWF members

16 FWF members source in Bulgaria

1 complaint

1 FWF projects

Cambodia

Although FWF is not currently active in Cambodia, one of FWF's stra... more

Fair Wear is not active in Cambodia

10 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Cambodia

China

China is, still, the largest exporter of garment products. 2014 wit... more

Fair Wear is active in China

812 factories work with FWF members

60 FWF members source in China

57 complaints

2 FWF projects

Croatia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Croatia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Croatia

Czech Republic

more

Fair Wear is not active in Czech Republic

11 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Czech Republic

Egypt

more

Fair Wear is not active in Egypt

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Egypt

Estonia

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Fair Wear is not active in Estonia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Estonia

Ethiopia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ethiopia

1 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Ethiopia

France

more

Fair Wear is not active in France

31 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in France

4 complaints

Georgia

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Fair Wear is not active in Georgia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Georgia

Germany

more

Fair Wear is not active in Germany

59 factories work with FWF members

22 FWF members source in Germany

Greece

more

Fair Wear is not active in Greece

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Greece

Honduras

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Fair Wear is not active in Honduras

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Honduras

Hong Kong

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hong Kong

6 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Hong Kong

Hungary

more

Fair Wear is not active in Hungary

22 factories work with FWF members

14 FWF members source in Hungary

India

The textile and garment industry plays an important role in India... more

Fair Wear is active in India

227 factories work with FWF members

40 FWF members source in India

50 complaints

1 FWF projects

Indonesia

Indonesia’s manufacturing sector generates around a fifth of the ... more

Fair Wear is active in Indonesia

27 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Indonesia

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Ireland

more

Fair Wear is not active in Ireland

2 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Ireland

Israel

more

Fair Wear is not active in Israel

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Israel

Italy

ITALY While considered a low risk country, in the past few years w... more

Fair Wear is not active in Italy

162 factories work with FWF members

23 FWF members source in Italy

2 complaints

Jordan

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Fair Wear is not active in Jordan

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Jordan

Kazakhstan

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Fair Wear is not active in Kazakhstan

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Kazakhstan

Lao People´s Democratic Republic

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Fair Wear is not active in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Lao People´s Democratic Republic

Latvia

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Fair Wear is not active in Latvia

8 factories work with FWF members

7 FWF members source in Latvia

Lithuania

more

Fair Wear is not active in Lithuania

49 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Lithuania

Macedonia

FWF began working in Macedonia in 2003. The garment industry is a v... more

Fair Wear is active in Macedonia

33 factories work with FWF members

13 FWF members source in Macedonia

2 complaints

1 FWF projects

Madagascar

more

Fair Wear is not active in Madagascar

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Madagascar

Malaysia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Malaysia

4 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Malaysia

Mauritius

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mauritius

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mauritius

Moldova

more

Fair Wear is not active in Moldova

8 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Moldova

Mongolia

more

Fair Wear is not active in Mongolia

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Mongolia

Morocco

more

Fair Wear is not active in Morocco

12 factories work with FWF members

8 FWF members source in Morocco

2 complaints

Myanmar

While Myanmar has demonstrated significant progress on civil and po... more

Fair Wear is active in Myanmar

16 factories work with FWF members

9 FWF members source in Myanmar

15 complaints

1 FWF projects

Nepal

more

Fair Wear is not active in Nepal

3 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Nepal

Netherlands

more

Fair Wear is not active in Netherlands

5 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Netherlands

1 complaint

New Zealand

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Fair Wear is not active in New Zealand

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in New Zealand

Pakistan

FWF is not active in Pakistan. However, one of FWF's strategic part... more

Fair Wear is not active in Pakistan

32 factories work with FWF members

12 FWF members source in Pakistan

1 complaint

Peru

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Fair Wear is not active in Peru

15 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Peru

Philippines

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Fair Wear is not active in Philippines

3 factories work with FWF members

3 FWF members source in Philippines

Poland

Poland falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that members... more

Fair Wear is not active in Poland

57 factories work with FWF members

25 FWF members source in Poland

Portugal

Portugal falls under FWF’s low-risk policy. This means that membe... more

Fair Wear is not active in Portugal

137 factories work with FWF members

36 FWF members source in Portugal

Republic of Korea

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Fair Wear is not active in Republic of Korea

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Republic of Korea

Romania

The textile and garment industry is one of the most important secto... more

Fair Wear is active in Romania

56 factories work with FWF members

20 FWF members source in Romania

4 complaints

1 FWF projects

Russian Federation

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Fair Wear is not active in Russian Federation

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Russian Federation

Serbia

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Fair Wear is not active in Serbia

4 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Serbia

Slovakia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovakia

18 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovakia

Slovenia

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Fair Wear is not active in Slovenia

5 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Slovenia

Spain

more

Fair Wear is not active in Spain

5 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Spain

Sri Lanka

more

Fair Wear is not active in Sri Lanka

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Sri Lanka

Sweden

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Fair Wear is not active in Sweden

3 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in Sweden

Switzerland

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Fair Wear is not active in Switzerland

7 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Switzerland

Taiwan

more

Fair Wear is not active in Taiwan

7 factories work with FWF members

6 FWF members source in Taiwan

Thailand

more

Fair Wear is not active in Thailand

10 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in Thailand

1 complaint

Tunisia

Tunisia is among the world’s leading suppliers of clothing, an in... more

Fair Wear is active in Tunisia

62 factories work with FWF members

18 FWF members source in Tunisia

9 complaints

1 FWF projects

Turkey

Turkey is the fifth biggest supplier country for FWF members. Produ... more

Fair Wear is active in Turkey

202 factories work with FWF members

44 FWF members source in Turkey

33 complaints

1 FWF projects

Uganda

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Fair Wear is not active in Uganda

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Uganda

Ukraine

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Fair Wear is not active in Ukraine

10 factories work with FWF members

5 FWF members source in Ukraine

1 complaint

United Arab Emirates

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Fair Wear is not active in United Arab Emirates

2 factories work with FWF members

2 FWF members source in United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

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Fair Wear is not active in United Kingdom

4 factories work with FWF members

4 FWF members source in United Kingdom

United States

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Fair Wear is not active in United States

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in United States

Vietnam

In 2016 Fair Wear Foundation has 21 member companies sourcing from ... more

Fair Wear is active in Vietnam

132 factories work with FWF members

24 FWF members source in Vietnam

14 complaints

1 FWF projects

Zimbabwe

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Fair Wear is not active in Zimbabwe

1 factories work with FWF members

1 FWF members source in Zimbabwe